Class 12 all Subjects Coaching

in Bilhari, Jabalpur

P.S. Academy Best Coaching for Class 12th  in Jabalpur

P.S Academy provides students with the best coaching for CBSE Class 12 Students with a comprehensive curriculum devised by its highly competent professors.

Instead of boring and tedious sessions, we want to use interactive assessment technologies in  Class 12 courses to encourage students to think and explore innovative ideas.

Our educators create a beautiful learning experience for class 12th students  by offering entire curriculums, simple exercises, and educational entertainment. Our skilled instructors make even the most difficult Class 12 topics easier to understand by focusing on the individual progress of all students in the offline Classes.

With our programmes for class 12th Students , we at P.S Academy  assist youngsters to develop their learner confidence both in and out of the classroom. With a range of classes for Class 12 Student , our approved teachers, who are all professional educators, feed your child’s curiosity and boost their learning

CBSE Class 12 Coaching Centre in Jabalpur

P.S Academy is the best institute in Jabalpur for class 12 Student Coaching.
  Considered the best Coaching in the Jabalpur not by the faculty and students but also by people of Jabalpur.

P.S Academy offers the best Board Exam Coaching for class 12 Board Exam  in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Maths coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12  Maths from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 maths coaching:

Unit-I: Relations and Functions

1. Relations and Functions

Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions.

2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions.

Unit-II: Algebra

1. Matrices

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operations on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Noncommutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

2. Determinants

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

Unit-III: Calculus

1. Continuity and Differentiability

Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions like sin-1 x, cos-1 x and tan-1 x, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives.

2. Applications of Derivatives

Applications of derivatives: rate of change of quantities, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).

3. Integrals 

Integration as inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them.

CBSE Maths Syllabus 1

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.

4. Applications of the Integrals

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only)

5. Differential Equations

Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:

dy/dx + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants.

dx/dy + px = q, where p and q are functions of y or constants.

Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

1. Vectors

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors.

2. Three – dimensional Geometry

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Angle between two lines.

Unit-V: Linear Programming

1. Linear Programming

Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).

Unit-VI: Probability

1. Probability

Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean of random variable.

P.S Academy  offers the best  exam Coaching for class 12th Board exam in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Physics coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Physics from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12th Physics  coaching:

The Physics Syllabus for Class 12th Board Exam CBSE :

Unit I: Electrostatics

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electric Charges −

    • Conservation of charge

    • Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges

    • Forces between multiple charges

    • Superposition principle

    • Continuous charge distribution

  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter-2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges

  • Equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field

  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor

  • Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit II: Current Electricity

Chapter 3: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current

  • Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity

  • Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance

  • Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and EMF of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel

  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications

  • Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge

  • Potentiometer −

    • Principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells

    • Measurement of internal resistance of a cell

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

  • Concept of magnetic field −

    • Oersted’s experiment

  • Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop

  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire

  • Straight and toroidal solenoids

  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields

  • Cyclotron

  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field

  • Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere

  • Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment

  • Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron

  • Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis

  • Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field −

    • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid

    • Magnetic field lines

    • Earth’s magnetic field

    • Magnetic elements

  • Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances, with examples

  • Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths

  • Permanent magnets

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction

  • Electromagnetic induction −
    • Faraday’s laws
    • Induced EMF and current
    • Lenz’s Law
    • Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual induction.

Chapter 7: Alternating Current

  • Alternating currents −
    • Peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage
    • Reactance and impedance
    • LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)
    • LCR series circuit
    • Resonance
    • Power in AC circuits
    • Wattless current
  • AC generator and transformer

Unit V: Electromagnetic waves

Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).

  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI: Optics

Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

  • Ray Optics −

    • Reflection of light

    • Spherical mirrors

    • Mirror formula

    • Refraction of light

    • Total internal reflection and its applications

    • Optical fibres

    • Refraction at spherical surfaces

    • Lenses

    • Thin lens formula

    • Lensmaker’s formula

  • Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror

  • Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.

  • Scattering of light - blue colour of sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset

  • Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers

Chapter 10: Wave Optics

  • Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen's principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts

  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle

  • Interference Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

  • Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes

  • Polarisation, plane polarised light Brewster's law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual nature of radiation

  • Photoelectric effect

  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations

  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light

  • Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation

  • Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

Unit VIII: Atoms & Nuclei

Chapter 12: Atoms

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of atom
  • Bohr model
  • Energy levels
  • Hydrogen spectrum

Chapter 13: Nuclei

  • Composition and size of −
    • Nucleus
    • Atomic masses
    • Isotopes
    • Isobars
    • Isotones
  • Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation −
    • Mass defect
    • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
    • Nuclear fission
    • Nuclear fusion

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

  • Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only)

  • Semiconductor diode - I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier

  • Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, zener diode as a voltage regulator

  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor and transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration), basic idea of analog and digital signals, Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

Unit X: Communication Systems

Chapter 15: Communication Systems

  • Elements of a communication system (block diagram only)

    • Bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data)

    • Bandwidth of transmission medium

  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, satellite communication

  • Need for modulation, amplitude modulation and frequency modulation, advantages of frequency modulation over amplitude modulation

  • Basic ideas about internet, mobile telephony and global positioning system (GPS)


P.S Academy  offers the best  exam Coaching for class 12 Board Exam in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Chemistry coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Chemistry from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 11th Chemistry  coaching:

The Chemistry Syllabus for Class 12 CBSE :

Chapter-1 (Solutions)

Chapter–1: Solutions

  1. Solutions, Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions.
  2. Raoult's law.
  3. Colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass.
  4. Van't Hoff factor.

Chapter-2 (Electrochemistry)

Unit– 2: Electrochemistry

  1. Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential
  2. Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells
  3. Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell
  4. Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration.
  5. Kohlrausch's Law
  6. Electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea)
  7. Dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells
  8. Lead accumulator
  9. Fuel cells
  10. Corrosion.

Chapter- 3 (Chemical Kinetics)

Unit– 3: Chemical Kinetics

  1. Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous)
  2. Factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst;
  3. Order and molecularity of a reaction
  4. Rate law and specific rate constant
  5. Integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions)
  6. Concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment)
  7. Activation energy
  8. Arrhenius equation.

Chapter- 4 (d and f Block Elements)

Unit- 4: d and f Block Elements

  1. General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  2. Lanthanoids- Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  3. Actinoids- Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

Chapter- 5 (Coordination Compounds)

Unit 5: Coordination Compounds

  1. Coordination compounds - Introduction, ligands, coordination number, color, magnetic properties and shapes
  2. IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds.
  3. Bonding
  4. Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism
  5. The importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).

Chapter- 6 (Haloalkanes and Haloarenes)

 Unit6: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  1. Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.
  2. Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloro methane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Chapter- 7 (Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers)

Unit7: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  1. Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
  2. Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
  3. Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

Chapter- 8 (Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids) 

Unit 8: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  1. Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.
  2. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

Chapter- 9 (Amines)

Unit9: Amines

  1. Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
  2. Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Chapter- 10 (Biomolecules)

Unit10: Biomolecules

  1. Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.
  2. Proteins -Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure.
  3. Vitamins - Classification and functions.
  4. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

P.S Academy  offers the best  exam Coaching for class 12 Board Exam in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Biology  coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Biology from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12th Biology  coaching:

The Biology Syllabus for Class 12 CBSE :

Unit VI. Reproduction

Chapter 1: Reproduction in Organisms

  • Reproduction −
    • A characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species
  • Modes of Reproduction −
    • Asexual reproduction
    • Sexual reproduction
  • Asexual reproduction −
    • Modes-Binary fission
    • Sporulation
    • Budding
    • Gemmule
    • Fragmentation
    • vegetative propagation in plants

Chapter 2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  • Flower structure
  • Development of male and female gametophytes
  • Pollination −
    • Types
    • Agencies
    • Examples
  • Outbreeding devices
  • Pollen-Pistil interaction
  • Double fertilization
  • Post fertilization Events-Development of endosperm and embryo
  • Development of seed and formation of fruit
  • Special modes −
    • Apomixes
    • Parthenocarpy
    • Polyembryony
  • Significance of seed and fruit formation

Chapter 3: Human Reproduction

  • Male and female reproductive systems

  • Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary

  • Gametogenesis −

    • Spermatogenesis

    • Oogenesis

  • Menstrual cycle

  • Fertilisation embryo development up to blastocyst formation, implantation pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea)

  • Parturition (Elementary idea)

  • Lactation (Elementary idea)

Chapter 4: Reproductive Health

  • Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD)

  • Birth control −

    • Need and Methods

    • Contraception

    • Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP)

  • Amniocentesis

  • Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies −

    • IVF

    • ZIFT

    • GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)

Unit VII. Genetics and Evolution

Chapter 5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation

  • Mendelian Inheritance
  • Deviations from Mendelism −
    • Incomplete dominance
    • Co-dominance
    • Multiple alleles
    • Inheritance of blood groups
    • Pleiotropy
  • Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance
  • Chromosome theory of inheritance
  • Chromosomes and genes
  • Sex determination in −
    • Humans
    • Birds
    • Honey bee
  • Linkage and crossing over
  • Sex linked inheritance −
    • Haemophilia
    • Colour blindness
  • Mendelian disorder in humans
    • Thalassemia
  • Chromosomal disorders in humans −
    • Down's syndrome
    • Turner's
    • Klinefelter's syndromes

Chapter 6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material
  • Structure of DNA and RNA
  • DNA packaging
  • DNA replication
  • Central dogma
  • Transcription, genetic code, translation
  • Gene expression and regulation −
    • Lac Operon
  • Genome and human ganeome project
  • DNA fingerprinting

Chapter 7: Evolution

  • Origin of life

  • Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (Paleontological, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence)

  • Darwin's contribution

  • Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution

  • Mechanism of evolution −

    • Variation (Mutation and Recombination)

    • Natural Selection with examples

    • Types of natural selection

  • Gene flow and genetic drift

  • Hardy - Weinberg's principle

  • Adaptive Radiation

  • Human evolution

Unit VIII. Biology and Human Welfare

Chapter 8: Human Health and Diseases

  • Pathogens - parasites causing human diseases −
    • Malaria
    • Filariasis
    • Ascariasis
    • Typhoid
    • Pneumonia
    • Common cold
    • Amoebiasis
    • Ring worm
  • Basic concepts of immunology – Vaccines −
    • Cancer
    • HIV
    • AIDs
  • Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse

Chapter 9: Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Improvement in food production −
    • Plant breeding
    • Tissue culture
    • Single cell protein
    • Biofortification
    • Apiculature
    • Animal husbandry

Chapter-10: Microbes in Human Welfare

  • In household food processing
  • Industrial production
  • Sewage treatment
  • Energy generation and as biocontrol agents
  • Biofertilizers
  • Antibiotics −
    • Production and judicious use

Unit IX. Biotechnology and Its Applications

Chapter 11: Biotechnology - Principles and Processes

  • Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).

Chapter 12: Biotechnology and its Application

  • Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture −
    • Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy
    • Genetically modified organisms - Bt crops
    • Transgenic Animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents

Unit X. Ecology and Environment

Chapter 13: Organisms and Populations

  • Organisms and environment −
    • Habitat
    • Niche
    • Population
    • Ecological adaptations
  • Population interactions −
    • Mutualism
    • Competition
    • Predation
    • Parasitism
  • Population attributes −
    • Growth
    • Birth rate
    • Death rate
    • Age distribution

Chapter 14: Ecosystem

  • Patterns
  • Components
  • Productivity
  • Decomposition
  • Energy flow
  • Pyramids of number, biomass, energy
  • Nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous)
  • Ecological succession
  • Ecological services −
    • Carbon fixation
    • Pollination
    • Seed dispersal
    • Oxygen release (in brief)

Chapter-15: Biodiversity and its Conservation

  • Concept of biodiversity
  • Patterns of biodiversity
  • Importance of biodiversity
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Biodiversity conservation −
    • Hotspots
    • Endangered organisms
    • Extinction
    • Red data book
    • Biosphere reserves
    • National parks
    • Sanctuaries
    • Ramsar sites

Chapter-16: Environmental Issues

  • Air pollution and its control
  • Water pollution and its control
  • Agrochemicals and their effects
  • Solid waste management
  • Radioactive waste management
  • Greenhouse effect and climate change
  • Ozone layer depletion
  • Deforestation
  • Any one case study as success story addressing environmental issue(s).

Practical Works

Part A: List of Experiments

  • Study pollen germination on a slide.

  • Collect and study soil from at least two different sites and study them for texture, moisture content, pH and water holding capacity. Correlate with the kinds of plants found in them.

  • Collect water from two different water bodies around you and study them for pH, clarity and presence of any living organisms.

  • Study the presence of suspended particulate matter in air at two widely different sites.

  • Study of plant population density by quadrat method.

  • Study of plant population frequency by quadrat method.

  • Prepare a temporary mount of onion root tip to study mitosis.

  • Study the effect of different temperatures and three different pH on the activity of salivary amylase on starch.

  • Isolation of DNA from available plant material such as spinach, green pea seeds, papaya, etc.

Part B: Study/observation of the following (Spotting)

  • Flowers adapted to pollination by different agencies (wind, insect, bird).

  • Pollen germination on stigma through a permanent slide.

  • Identification of stages of gamete development, i.e., T.S. of testis and T.S. of ovary through permanent slides (from grasshopper/mice).

  • Meiosis in onion bud cell or grasshopper testis through permanent slides.

  • T.S. of blastula through permanent slides.

  • Mendelian inheritance using seeds of different colour/sizes of any plant.

  • Prepared pedigree charts of any one of the genetic traits such as rolling of tongue, blood groups, ear lobes, widow's peak and colour blindness.

  • Controlled pollination - emasculation, tagging and bagging.

  • Common disease causing organisms like Ascaris, Entamoeba, Plasmodium, Roundworm through permanent slides or specimens. Comment on symptoms of disease that they cause.

  • Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) found in xeric conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.

  • Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) found in aquatic conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.

P.S Academy  offers the best  exam Cbse Board Exam Coaching for class 12 in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking English coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 English from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12th English  coaching:

The English Syllabus for Class 12 CBSE :

Class 12th English Syllabus 2023-24: Section A Reading Skills – (22 Marks)
One previously unseen passage was used to test understanding, interpretation, analysis, and inference. Inference will also be used to measure vocabulary. The passage could be factual, descriptive, or literary in nature.
To measure comprehension, interpretation, analysis, inference, and evaluation, one unseen case-based factual passage with verbal/visual inputs such as statistical data, charts, and so on.
Class 12th English Syllabus 2023-24: Section B Writing Skills – (18 Marks)
Notice of the limit of 50 words. One of the two questions posed must be answered.(4 points for format, 2 points for content, and 1 point for spelling and grammar accuracy).
Invitation and reply, formal/informal, up to 50 words. One of the two questions posed must be answered. (4 points: Format: 1; Content: 2; Spelling and Grammar: 1).
Letters to be replied in 120-150 words based on verbal/visual input. Application for a job with bio data or resume is an example of a lettertype. Letters to the editor (suggestions or opinions on public-interest matters). One of the two questions must be answered. (5 Marks: 1) Format: 1 / Organisation of ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Spelling and Grammar Accuracy: 1).
Writing an article/report, descriptive and analytical in nature, based on vocal inputs, to be addressed in 120-150 words. One of the two questions must be answered. (5 Marks: Format: 1 / Organisation of Ideas: 1/Content: 2 / Accuracy of Spelling and Grammar:1).
Class 12th English Syllabus 2023-24: Section C Literature Text Book and Supplementary Reading Text – (40 Marks)
This part will include a range of assessment items such as Multiple Choice Questions, Objective Type Questions, Short Answer Type Questions, and Long Answer Type Questions to test comprehension, interpretation, analysis, evaluation, and extrapolation beyond the text.

One poetry passage from the book Flamingo was chosen to measure understanding, interpretation, analysis, inference, and appreciation. (6×1=6) Marks
One Prose extract from the book Vistas out of two to measure understanding, interpretation, analysis, assessment, and appreciation. (4×1=4 Marks)
To measure understanding, interpretation, analysis, inference, and evaluation, use one of two prose extracts from the book Flamingo. (6×1=6) Marks
Short answer questions (from the book Flamingo’s prose and poetry) to be answered in 40-50 words each. Questions should inspire inferential responses through critical thinking. Five of the six questions must be answered. (5×2=10) Marks
Short answer questions from Prose (Vistas) must be answered in 40- 50 words each. Questions should inspire inferential responses through critical thinking. Any two of the three questions can be completed. (2×2=4 Marks)
One long response question from Prose/Poetry (Flamingo) must be answered in 120-150 words. Questions can be focused on an incident / topic / passage / extract / event as a reference point to assess extrapolation beyond and across the text. The inquiry will elicit an analytical and evaluative answer from the student. Any one of the two questions must be completed. (1×5=5 Marks)
One long answer question based on chapters from the book Vistas, to be answered in 120-150 words, to measure global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the text. Questions requiring analytical and evaluative responses based on incidents, events, or themes. Any one of the two questions must be completed. (1×5=5 Marks)
Class 12 English Syllabus 2023-24 Prescribed books
Flamingo: English Reader published by National Council of Education Research and Training, New Delhi

The Last Lesson
Lost Spring
Deep Water
The Rattrap
Poets and Pancakes
The Interview
Going Places

My Mother at Sixty-Six
Keeping Quiet
A Thing of Beauty
A Roadside Stand
Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers
Vistas: Supplementary Reader published by National Council of Educationc Research and Training, New Delhi
The Third Level
The Tiger King
Journey to the End of the Earth
The Enemy
On the Face of It
Memories of Childhood
The Cutting of My Long Hair

P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking History  coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 History from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 History coaching:


Bricks, Beads and Bones

The Harappa Civilisation



Kings, Farmers and Towns

Early States and Economies (c.600 BCE600 CE) 


Kingship, Caste and class

Early Societies (c. 600 BCE600 CE) 


Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings

Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE600 CE) 

Themes in Indian History Part—II 25 Marks


Through the eyes of Travellers

Perceptions of Society (c. tenth to seventeenth centuries) 



Bhakti-Sufi Traditions

Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth centuries) 


An Imperial Capital – Vijayanagar (c. fourteenth to sixteenth centuries) 


Peasants, zamindars and the States Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)

Themes in Indian History Part—III 25 Marks


Colonialism and The Countryside

Exploring Official Archives



Rebels and Raj

1857 Revolt and its Representations 


Mahatma Gandhi and the National Movement

Civil Disobedience and Beyond 


Framing of the Constitution

The Beginning of a New Era 


Including Map work of the related Themes



Theory Total



Project Work




P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Geography coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Geography from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Geography coaching:

Human Geography
Define the term human geography
Elucidate the Interdependence between Nature and Human beings.
State the fields and subfields of Human Geography and its relation with other branches of
Social Sciences.
Differentiate between Environmental Determinism and Possibilism.
Explain Neo-determinism with examples from real life.
The World
Population distribution, density
and growth
Calculate the density of the population, birth rate and death rate.
Name and define the components responsible for population change.
Understand the stages of population growth in the world using Demographic Transition Theory.
Suggest measures to control population growth.
Define the following terms:
Growth of population, Natural growth of population, Positive, growth of population, Negative growth of population
Differentiate between growth and development
Explain the three basic indicators of human development and measure the level of Human Development.
Describe Human Development Index published by UNDP.
Compare HDI with Human Poverty Index.
Explain the key pillars of human development with examples.
Compare the Income approach, Welfare approach, Basic Needs approach and capability approach to understand the concept of Human Development.
To categorise countries based on their HDI and explain their characteristics.
Primary Activities
Define the following terms:
Economic activities, Primary activities, Red Collar Worker, Pastoral Nomadism
Explain food gathering as an economic activity.
Distinguish between pastoral nomadism and commercial livestock rearing.
Differentiate between primitive subsistence and intensive subsistence farming.
Describe the characteristic features of plantation agriculture as a type of commercial farming.
Analyse why is there a low yield per acre but a high yield per person in areas of extensive grain cultivation?
Compare and contrast the farming practices in the developed urban areas of the world.
Analyse how the model of Kolkhoz introduced in the erstwhile USSR boosted agricultural production.
Examine the reasons for the success of cooperative farming in European countries.
Differentiate between open-cast mining and shaft mining.
Discuss how mining can have an impact on humans and the environment.
Explain key concepts such as large-scale manufacturing, high technology industry, organizational set-up, foot-loose industries, Agribusiness etc.
Identify and explain the factors affecting the location and industry.
Differentiate between different types of industries based on size, raw material, ownership and output.
Differentiate between cottage industry and small-scale industry.
Explain the importance of high-tech industries and the reason for them being attracted to the peripheral areas of major metropolitan cities.
Compare large-scale industry and modern high-tech industry with examples
Understands and analyses the interrelationship between industrial development and standard of living.
Tertiary and
Compare and contrast traditional and modern economic activities.
Students correlate tertiary activities and their role in the economic development of a country.
Describe different types of tertiary activities.
Discuss different types of trading centres found in rural and urban areas and the role played by them in the local economy.
Describe quinary activities and their role in advanced economies.
Discuss how tertiary, quaternary and quinary activities have replaced jobs in primary and secondary sectors.
Define the following terms: BPO, Outsourcing, KPO, Departmental Store, Chain Store, Wholesale trading
Transport and
Compare and contrast various modes of transport.
Explain the relationship of transport and communication networks to the economic development of a region.
Describe the major highways and major rail networks of different continents.
Discuss the location and economic significance of Trans- the Siberian Railway, the Trans-Canadian Railway, The Union and Pacific Railway and the Trans-Australian Railway.
Describe the location and the economic importance of the major sea routes of the world.
Discuss how Suez Canal and Panama Canal serve as major gateways of commerce for both the Eastern and the Western World.
Discuss how modern communication systems have made the concept of a global village a reality.
International Trade
Define international trade and describe how it impacts various countries.
Describe the basis of International Trade.
Discuss types of and aspects of International trade.
Explain the term Dumping, Trade liberalisation and
Discuss the impact of WTO on current global trade.
Evaluate how international trade can be detrimental to some Nations.

P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Political Science coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Political Science from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Political Science coaching:



The End of Bipolarity

Topics to be focused:

a) The Soviet System

b) Gorbachev and the disintegration

c) Causes and Consequences of disintegration of Soviet Union

d) Shock Therapy and its Consequences

e) New entities in world politics Russia Balkan States Central Asian States

f) India's relations with Russia and other post-communist countries

  • Identify the basic features of the Soviet System.
  • Discuss the background and outcome of disintegration of the Soviet Union.
  • Examine the consequences of unipolar world
  • Assess the features of Shock Therapy
  • Probe into the recent happenings in the Post-Communist Countries.
  • Trace the developments between India & Russia


Contemporary Centres of Power

Topics to be focused:

a) European Union

b) Association of Southeast Asian Nations

c) Rise of China as an economic power

d) Japan and South Korea as emerging powers)

  • Compare and contrast the importance of European Union and ASEAN.
  • Evaluate the extent of rise of Chinese economy and its impact on world politics.
  • Summarize India’s relations with China.


Contemporary South Asia

Topics to be focused:

a) Military and Democracy in Pakistan and Bangladesh

b) Monarchy and Democracy in Nepal

c) Ethnic Conflict and Democracy in Sri Lanka

d) India-Pakistan Conflicts

e) India and its Neighbours

f) Peace and Cooperation

  • Identify & locate the seven countries of the SouthAsian region.
  • Appreciate the mixed record of democracy in the South Asian region.
  • Examine the role of Political leaders
  • Reflect upon the causes of various conflicts and movements in this region.
  • Justify the creation of SAARC
  • Understand the involvement of US and China in South Asia.


International Organizations

Topics to be focused:

a) Meaning and importance of International Organisations

b) Evolution of the UN

c) Structure and function of International Organisations

d) Principal Organs of UN

e) Reform of the UN after Cold War

f) Reform of Structures, Processes and Jurisdiction of the UN

g) India and the UN Reforms h) Key Agencies: IMF, World Bank, WTO, ILO, IAEA.

i) NGO: Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch.

j) Implications and Future of International Organizations

  • Define International Organization
  • Appreciate the role of United Nations and its agencies
  • Reflect on the events taking place in the post-cold war era
  • Understand the need for reforms in the United Nations

Security in the Contemporary World

Topics to be focused:

a) Meaning and Type of Security.

b) Traditional concept of security

c) Non-tradition notions of Security.

d) New Sources of Threats

e) Cooperative Security

f) India’s Security strategy

  • Recognize the causes of security threats
  • Enhance analytical skills to provide solutions to security concerns.
  • Develop critical thinking about the role of various stakeholders in ensuring security today.

Environment and Natural Resources

Topics to be focused:

a) Environmental Concerns

b) Global Commons

c) Common but differentiated Responsibilities

d) India’s Stand on Environment Issues

e) Environmental Movements

f) Resource Geopolitics

g) Rights of Indigenous peoples 

  • Enlist and explain the facts related to global environmental issues
  • Recognize and understand the need to conserve critical resources
  • Demonstrate knowledge and appreciation towards
  • India’s responsibility in protecting environment
  • Realize the need to conserve resources and exhibit responsibility towards prudential use to facilitate sustainable development
  • Know about the nature of concerns of indigenous communities and understand how the governments of different countries respond to their plea



Topics to be focused:

a) Concept of globalisation

b) Causes and Consequences of globalisation

c) India and globalisation

d) Resistance to globalisation

e) India and resistance to globalisation

  • Appreciate the significance of Globalization
  • Elucidate the political, economic, and cultural dimensions of Globalisation.
  • Critically evaluate the impact of globalisation on India.
  • Draw attention to resistance movements to Globalisation and envisage its future trends.



Challenges of Nation Building

Topics to be focused:

a) Challenges for the new Nation.

Three Challenges.

b) Partition: Displacement and Rehabilitation.

Consequences of Partition.

c) Integration of Princely States.

The problem

Government’s approach



d) Reorganisation of States.

  • Analyse the challenges which Independent India faced.
  • Describe the factors that led to the partition of India.
  • Explain the circumstances under which different princely states signed the Instrument of Accession.
  • Assess how language became the basis of reorganisation of the states.
  • Evaluate the role played by leaders in Nation Building.


Era of One-Party Dominance

Topics to be focussed:

a) Challenge of building democracy.

b) Congress dominance in the first three general elections.

Nature of Congress dominance

Congress as a social and ideological coalition.

Tolerance and management of Factions

c) Emergence of opposition parties

  • Appreciate the sustenance of democratic politics in the country.
  • Evaluate the electoral politics post-Independence
  • Assess the dominance of the Indian National Congress from 1952 to 1967.
  • Evaluate the role of Opposition parties


Politics of Planned Development

Topics to be focussed:

a) Political contestation.

Ideas of Development.


Planning Commission

b) The Early Initiatives

The First Five Year Plan.

Rapid Industrialisation

  • Identify the varied options considered by the government to balance growth and socio-economic justice.
  • Know the difference between Left and Right Ideology
  • Understand the need for the formation of the Planning Commission.
  • Appreciate the need for strategic long-term development programme and policies


India’s External Relations

Topics to be focussed:

a) International Context

b) The Policy of Non- Alignment.

Nehru’s role

Distance from two camps.

Afro Asian Unity

c) Peace and conflict with China

The Chinese Invasion 1962

War and Peace with Pakistan

Bangladesh War 1971

d) India’s Nuclear Policy.

  • Recognise the significance of NAM
  • Interpret, compare and contrast multi-lateral aspects of Indo-China relationship
  • Demonstrate knowledge on Indo-Pak wars
  • Appreciate the steps taken by Indian government to develop military capacity
  • Reflect and introspect on the choices that the country must consider for the cause of development and peace building


Challenges to and Restoration of the Congress System

Topics to be focused:

a) Challenge of Political Succession

From Nehru to Shastri

From Shastri to Indira Gandhi

b) Fourth General Election 1967

Context of the Election.

Non Congressism

Electoral Verdict



c) Split in the Congress

Indira vs the Syndicate

Presidential Election 1969

d) The 1971 Election and Restoration of Congress

The outcome and after Restoration?

  • Understand the challenges of political succession after Nehru.
  • Evaluate the opposition unity and the Congress split as a challenge to Congress dominance.
  • Compare and contrast the new Congress and the old Congress.
  • Summarise the initiatives taken by Indira Gandhi to overcome the challenges faced by her
  • Analyse the process of restoration of the Congress system


The Crisis of Democratic Order

Topics to be focused:

a) Background to Emergency.

Economic Context.

Gujarat and Bihar Movements

Conflict with Judiciary

b) Declaration of Emergency

Crisis and response Consequences

c) Lessons of the Emergency.

d)Politics after Emergency.

Lok Sabha Elections 1977

Janata Government


  • Understand the causes and consequences of Emergency
  • Examine the lessons of Emergency
  • Evaluate the rule of Janata Government


Regional Aspirations

Topics to be focused:

a) Region and the Nation Indian Approach

Areas of Tension

Jammu and Kashmir

Roots of the Problem

External and Internal disputes

Politics since 1948

Insurgency and After 2022 and Beyond

b) Punjab

Political Context

Cycle of Violence

Road to Peace

c) The Northeast

Demand for autonomy

Secessionist Movements

Movements against outsiders

Assam and National Integration

  • Discuss the implications of regional demands.
  • Analyse the importance of integrity in India.
  • Appreciate the initiatives taken by the government in dealing with regional aspirations


Recent Developments in Indian Politics

Topics to be focused

a) Context of 1990s

b) Era of Coalition Alliance Politics

c) Political rise if the Backward Classes Mandal Implemented Political Fallouts

d) Communalism, Secularism and Democracy. 

Ayodhya Dispute Demolition and after

e) Emergence of New Consensus

f) Lok Sabha Elections 2004

g) Growing Consensus

  • Understand momentous changes taking place in the nation since 1989
  • Trace the rise and growth of BJP.
  • Identify the areas of growing cons

P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Business Studies  coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Business Studies from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Business Studies coaching:

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

Unit 1: Nature and Significance of Management


  • Management – concept, objectives, and importance
  • Management as Science, Art and Profession
  • Levels of Management
  • Management functions-planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling
  • Coordination- concept and importance

Unit 2: Principles of Management

  • Principles of Management- concept and significance
  • Fayol’s principles of management
  • Taylor’s Scientific management- principles and techniques

Unit 3: Business Environment

  • Business Environment- concept and importance
  • Dimensions of Business Environment, Economic, Social, Technological, Political and Legal
  • Demonetization – concept and features

Unit 4: Planning

  • Planning: Concept, importance and limitation
  • Planning process
  • Single use and standing plans. Objectives, Strategy, Policy, Procedure, method Rule, budget and Programme

Unit 5: Organising

  • Organising: Concept and importance
  • Organising Process
  • Structure of organisation- functional and divisional concept. Formal and informal organisation- concept
  • Delegation: concept, elements and importance
  • Decentralisation: concept and importance

Unit 6: Staffing

  • Staffing: Concept and importance of staffing
  • Staffing as a part of Human Resource Management concept
  • Staffing process
  • Recruitment process
  • Selection – process
  • Training and Development – Concept and importance, Methods of training – on the job and off the job – vestibule training, apprenticeship training and internship training

Unit 7: Directing

  • Directing: Concept and importance
  • Elements of Directing
  • Motivation – concept, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Financial and non-financial incentives
  • Leadership – concept, styles – authoritative, democratic and laissez faire
  • Communication – concept, formal and informal communication; barriers to effective communication, how to overcome the barriers?

Unit 8: Controlling

  • Controlling – Concept and importance
  • Relationship between planning and controlling
  • Steps in process of control

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

Unit 9: Financial Management

  • Financial Management: Concept, role and objectives
  • Financial decisions: investment, financing and dividend- Meaning and factors affecting
  • Financial Planning – concept and importance
  • Capital Structure – concept and factors affecting capital structure
  • Fixed and Working Capital – Concept and factors affecting their requirements

Unit 10: Financial Markets

  • Financial Markets: Concept
  • Money market: Concept
  • Capital market and its types (primary and secondary)
  • Stock Exchange – Functions and trading procedure
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) – objectives and functions

Unit 11: Marketing

  • Marketing – Concept, functions and philosophies
  • Marketing Mix – Concept and elements
  • Product – branding, labelling and packaging – Concept
  • Price – Concept, Factors determining price
  • Physical Distribution – concept, components and channels of distribution
  • Promotion – Concept and elements; Advertising, Personal Selling, Sales Promotion and Public Relations

Unit 12: Consumer Protection

  • Consumer Protection: Concept and importance
  • Consumer Protection Act 2019:
    Meaning of consumer
    Rights and responsibilities of consumers
    Who can file a complaint?
    Redressal machinery
    Remedies available
  • Consumer awareness – Role of consumer organizations and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Accounts  coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Accounts from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Accounts coaching:

Part A – Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies

Unit 1: Accounting for Partnership Firms

  • Partnership: features, Partnership Deed.
  • Provisions of the Indian Partnership Act 1932 in the absence of partnership deed.
  • Fixed v/s fluctuating capital accounts. Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation account- division of profit among partners, guarantee of profits.
  • Past adjustments (relating to interest on capital, interest on drawing, salary and profit sharing ratio).
  • Goodwill: meaning, nature, factors affecting and methods of valuation – average profit, super profit and capitalization.

Note: Interest on partner’s loan is to be treated as a charge against profits.
Goodwill: meaning, factors affecting, need for valuation, methods for calculation (average profits, super profits and capitalization), adjusted through partners capital/ current account.

Accounting for Partnership firms – Reconstitution and Dissolution

  • Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio among the existing partners – sacrificing ratio, gaining ratio, accounting for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities and treatment of reserves, accumulated profits and losses. Preparation of revaluation account and balance sheet.
  • Admission of a partner – effect of admission of a partner on change in the profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities, treatment of reserves, accumulated profits and losses, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet.
  • Retirement and death of a partner: effect of retirement / death of a partner on change in profit sharing ratio, treatment of goodwill (as per AS 26), treatment for revaluation of assets and reassessment of liabilities,
    adjustment of accumulated profits, losses and reserves, adjustment of capital accounts and preparation of capital, current account and balance sheet. Preparation of loan account of the retiring partner.
  • Calculation of deceased partner’s share of profit till the date of death. Preparation of deceased partner’s capital account and his executor’s account.
  • Dissolution of a partnership firm: meaning of dissolution of partnership and partnership firm, types of dissolution of a firm. Settlement of accounts – preparation of realization account, and other related accounts: capital accounts of partners and cash/bank a/c (excluding piecemeal distribution, sale to a company and insolvency of partner(s)).

(i) If the realized value of tangible assets is not given it should be considered as realized at book value itself.
(ii) If the realized value of intangible assets is not given it should be considered as nil (zero value).
(ii) In case, the realization expenses are borne by a partner, clear indication should be given regarding the payment thereof.

Unit-3 Accounting for Companies

Accounting for Share Capital

  • Features and types of companies.
  • Share and share capital: nature and types.
  • Accounting for share capital: issue and allotment of equity and preferences shares. Public subscription of shares – over subscription and under subscription of shares; issue at par and at premium, calls in advance and arrears (excluding interest), issue of shares for consideration other than cash.
  • Concept of Private Placement and Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP), Sweat Equity.
  • Accounting treatment of forfeiture and reissue of shares.
  • Disclosure of share capital in the Balance Sheet of a company.

Accounting for Debentures

  • Debentures: Meaning, types, Issue of debentures at par, at a premium and at a discount. Issue of debentures for consideration other than cash; Issue of debentures with terms of redemption; debentures as collateral security-concept, interest on debentures (concept of TDS is excluded). Writing off discount / loss on issue
    of debentures.

Note: Discount or loss on issue of debentures to be written off in the year debentures are allotted from Security Premium Reserve (if it exists) and then from Statement of Profit and Loss as Financial Cost (AS 16)

Part B: Financial Statement Analysis

Unit 4: Analysis of Financial Statements

Financial statements of a Company: Meaning, Nature, Uses and importance of financial Statement

Statement of Profit and Loss and Balance Sheet in prescribed form with major headings and sub headings (as per Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013)

Note: Exceptional items, extraordinary items and profit (loss) from discontinued operations are excluded.

  • Financial Statement Analysis: Meaning, Significance Objectives, importance and limitations.
  • Tools for Financial Statement Analysis: Comparative statements, common size statements, Ratio analysis, Cash flow analysis.
  • Accounting Ratios: Meaning, Objectives, Advantages, classification and computation.
  • Liquidity Ratios: Current ratio and Quick ratio.
  • Solvency Ratios: Debt to Equity Ratio, Total Asset to Debt Ratio, Proprietary Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio. Debt to Capital Employed Ratio.
  • Activity Ratios: Inventory Turnover Ratio, Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio, Trade Payables Turnover Ratio, Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio, Net Asset Turnover Ratio and Working Capital Turnover Ratio.
  • Profitability Ratios: Gross Profit Ratio, Operating Ratio, Operating Profit Ratio, Net Profit Ratio and Return on Investment.

Note: Net Profit Ratio is to be calculated on the basis of profit before and after tax.

Unit 5: Cash Flow Statement

  • Meaning, objectives Benefits, Cash and CashEquivalents, Classification of Activities and preparation (as per AS 3 (Revised) (Indirect Method only)

(i) Adjustments relating to depreciation and amortization, profit or loss on sale of assets including investments, dividend (both final and interim) and tax.
(ii) Bank overdraft and cash credit to be treated as short term borrowings.
(iii) Current Investments to be taken as Marketable securities unless otherwise specified.

Note: Previous years’ Proposed Dividend to be given effect, as prescribed in AS-4, Events occurring after the
Balance Sheet date. Current years’ Proposed Dividend will be accounted for in the next year after it is declared
by the shareholders.

Project Work
One specific project based on financial statement analysis of a company covering any two aspects from the
1. Comparative and common size financial statements
2. Accounting Ratios
3. Segment Reports
4. Cash Flow Statements


Part B: Computerised Accounting

Unit 4: Computerised Accounting

Overview of Computerised Accounting System

  • Introduction: Application in Accounting.
  • Features of Computerised Accounting System.
  • Structure of CAS.
  • Software Packages: Generic; Specific; Tailored.

Accounting Application of Electronic Spreadsheet

  • Concept of electronic spreadsheet.
  • Features offered by electronic spreadsheet.
  • Application in generating accounting information – bank reconciliation statement; asset accounting; loan repayment of loan schedule, ratio analysis
  • Data representation- graphs, charts and diagrams.

Using Computerized Accounting System.

  • Steps in installation of CAS, codification and Hierarchy of account heads, creation of accounts.
  • Data: Entry, validation and verification.
  • Adjusting entries, preparation of balance sheet, profit and loss account with closing entries and opening entries.
  • Need and security features of the system.

P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Economics coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Economics from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Economics coaching:

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics

1 National Income and Related Aggregates What is Macroeconomics?
Basic concepts in macroeconomics: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation.

Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income – Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.

Aggregates related to National Income:

Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Net Domestic Product (NDP) – at market price, at factor cost; Real and Nominal GDP

GDP Deflator, GDP and Welfare

2 Money and Banking Money – meaning and functions, supply of money – Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks.
Money creation by the commercial banking system.

The central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of Issues, Govt. Bank, Banker’s Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR), Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR), Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.

3 Determination of Income and Employment 30 Periods Aggregate demand and its components.
Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal).

Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism.

Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment.

Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them – changes in government spending, taxes and money supply.

4 Government Budget and the Economy Government budget – meaning, objectives and components.
Classification of receipts – revenue receipts and capital receipts;

Classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.

Balanced, Surplus and Deficit Budget – measures of government deficit.

5 Balance of Payments Balance of payments account – meaning and components;
Balance of payments – Surplus and Deficit

Foreign exchange rate – meaning fixed and flexible rates and managed to float.

Determination of exchange rate in a free market, Merits and demerits of the flexible and fixed exchange rate.

Managed Floating exchange rate system

Part B: Indian Economic Development


Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991

A brief introduction of the state of the Indian economy on the eve of independence.
Indian economic system and common goals of Five Year Plans.

Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy), industry (IPR 1956; SSI – role & importance) and foreign trade.

Economic Reforms since 1991: Features and appraisals of liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation (LPG policy);

Concepts of Demonetization and GST


Current challenges facing the Indian Economy

Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; Growth of Education Sector in India
Rural development: Key issues – credit and marketing – role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; alternative farming – organic farming

Employment: Growth and changes in work force participation rate in formal and informal sectors; problems and policies

Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment, including global warming


Development Experience of India

A comparison with neighbours
India and Pakistan

India and China

Issues: economic growth, population, sectoral development and other Human

Development Indicators


P.S Academy  offers the best tuition for class 12th in Jabalpur. We are highly committed to giving the best result when taking Computer Science coaching for class 12 CBSE, ICSE Students.  The institute provides the best teachers for class 12 Computer Science from the reputed schools of the city to impart the education. Syllabus to covered under class 12 Computer Science coaching:

Unit 1 

  • Revision of Python basics of Class 11
  • Scope and usage of functions involving tuples, list, default and positional parameters, passing parameters, libraries, return values, etc.
  • Types of files and handling.
  • Basic operations are performed on text files like open, close, manipulate, read data and append into a text file along with absolute and relative paths.
  • Basic operations performed on binary files open, close, read, search, write and use csv.reader() and csv.writerow() functions.
  • Importing libraries using python
  • Data structures like lists and stacks, including push and pop.

Unit 2 

  • ARPANET and Internet about the evolution of networking.
  • Terminologies used in data communication.
  • Twisted pair cable, coaxial cable, optical fibre, microwave, radio, infrared, and satellite link used as transmission media.
  • Introduction and types of network topologies.
  • Network protocols, mobile telecommunication technologies and mobile processors.
  • Protocols for video conferencing and chats.
  • Concept of network security.
  • Web services like WWW, HTML, XML, http, URL  and domain names.
  • Websites, web hosting, web browser and web 8 servers.

Unit 3

  • Concept of the database.
  • Relational data model including the concept of domain, tuple, relation, attribute, degree and cardinality
  • Types of keys (primary, foreign, candidate and alternate)
  • Concept, advantage, data manipulation and definition language in Structured Query Language (SQL).
  • Types of data (number, character, decimal, varchar, varchar 2 and date)
  • Revision of SQL commands that were studied in class 11th.
  • Equi-join and natural join.
  • The interface of python with an SQL database.

Get The Excellence in Education At P.S.Academy

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From The Team Of The Best Tutors At P.S Academy Jabalpur

Grab The Opportunity To Get The Best Lectures In The Subjects From The Team Of The Best Tutors At P.S Academy Jabalpur

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We at P.S Academy ensure the best teaching methodologies for the students of class 12 Student coaching. Our best tutors of class 12 tuition are committed to fulfilling our complete responsibility of shaping the student’s career.

We at P.S Academy ensure the best teaching methodologies for the students of class 12 coaching. Our best tutors of class 12 tuition are committed to fulfilling our complete responsibility of shaping the student’s career.

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Check Out the Most Popular Frequently Asked Questions By Our Student

P.S Academy coaching center is located in Bilhari, Jabalpur

You should make the timetable for your studies. You should avoid the addictive gadgets i.e. smartphones, tablets, etc. Revise the chapters frequently and clear your doubts from the teachers.

No, we don’t provide the facility of online classes only offline classes is available to the students of CBSE class 10.

The best teachers of class 12 coaching make the students learn their topics properly. They provide a quality of education to them based on the latest syllabus designed by the CBSE board.

We got 100% result in the CBSE board exams. Some of the students topped in the board exams for class 12.

Yes, we provide the coaching classes for the CBSE board class 12.

Yes, we give the chapter-wise revision notes to the students of class 12 Students.

Yes, we make the students practice the sample papers of class 12.

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